Traditional terms used to describe persons involved in falconry have changed over the years and nowadays for the sake of demarcation a falconer flies afalcon; an austringer flies ahawk . However, the words "hawking" and "hawker" have now become so much used in the English language to mean petty traveling traders, that the terms "falconer" and "falconry" are now generically applied to all who use trained birds of prey to catch game. At MacIntyre & Thomson we can arrange experience days with many different birds of prey, but for the sport of hunting with hawks we are principally talking about the pursuit of game with Hawks.
In early English falconry literature, the word "falcon" referred to a female falcon only, while the word "hawk" or "hawke" referred to a female hawk. A male hawk, or falcon, was referred to as a "tiercel" (sometimes spelled "tercel") as it was roughly one third less in size than the female.Many contemporary hunters who practise this sport still use these words in their original meaning. The practice of hunting with a conditioned & trained falconry bird is also called "hawking" or "gamehawking".
There are no limits to the birds of prey that you choose to hunt with, but for different reasons some species are preferred over others, as some take longer to train and have different characteristics. It all depends on a hunters / falconers experience, or what you prefer, and enjoy.
The Birds – The stars of the show:
In modern falconry, and for the most popular forms of hunting, two birds are most frequently used and these are the Red Tailed Hawk (originating from North America, Canada & Alaska) and theHarris hawk (originating from South West America, Chile & Argentina).